2.6 The Common Travel Area & Domestic Travel
2.6.1 Question: Which states form the CTA and what discussions has the UK Government had with other CTA governments about the operation of the CTA?
Answer: The Common Travel Area is formed of the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland and the Crown Dependencies (consisting of the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands). The UK Government, in partnership with the Governments of the Republic of Ireland and the Crown Dependencies, has developed a number of proposals for modifying the operation of the CTA.
2.6.2 Question: What changes are proposed on air and sea routes between the Crown Dependencies and the UK?
Answer: For operations on routes between the Crown Dependencies and the UK we do not intend to introduce a document requirement or collect e-Borders data. We will instead treat the Crown Dependencies as being inside the ‘e-Borders security ring’.
2.6.3 Question: What changes are proposed on air and sea routes between the Republic of Ireland (ROI) and the UK? When will these begin to take place and what information will be required?
Answer: For air and sea routes between the UK and Republic of Ireland (ROI) the intention was to use the Borders, Citizenship and Immigration (BCI) Bill to provide us with an unequivocal legal basis for our plans to introduce intelligence led checks on intra- CTA journeys. The CTA clause was withdrawn from the BCI Bill before it became an Act to prevent any delay to the passage of the Bill through Parliament
The CTA proposals are crucial if we are to make the border between the UK and the Republic of Ireland stronger than ever, we still intend to pursue these changes, and we will be looking to bring these proposals back to Parliament at the first possible opportunity.
With the legislation in place, the intention is to introduce e-Borders on routes between the Republic of Ireland and the UK along with a requirement for persons travelling on these routes to carry their passport or national identity card. Subject to the legislation, it is anticipated that data collection on these routes will commence in late 2010. It is expected that the required data will be all TDI elements found in the MRZ on an ICAO format Machine Readable Travel Document. In the short term, there will be no substantial changes to operations at the primary line and rolling out e-Borders to ROI will support an intelligence led approach to enforcement.
2.6.4 Question: We understand that there will be a future requirement to provide information on domestic travel (DTI) within the UK. What information will be required to be reported to e-Borders and in what timeframe?
Answer: Section 14 of the Police and Justice Act 2006 introduced a new power to allow the police to collect travel information on internal UK domestic flights and voyages. The intention is to focus this power on air and sea routes between Northern Ireland and Great Britain. This is a police power chiefly for counter terrorism purposes. Should the Government decide to proceed, there will be a 12 week Regulatory Impact Assessment where all interested parties will have the opportunity to comment on the proposals.